Herder leading Bactrian camels in the Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Mongolia is an independent Asia country of three million people, roughly half of which live in Ulaanbaator, the coldest capital city in the world. Fully one-third of the population are nomads who move their gers (yurts in Russia) each season or to follow the pastures. A democratic republic since 1991, Mongolia has greatly improved its standards according to the United Nations Human Development Index. Mongolia is known as the Land of Eternal Blue Sky.